Filtered by: Animal Farming <Back to previous page Barefoot vets for sheep and goatsby Dr Roger Sharland. Sheep and goats are often neglected in development projects. But they are very important in the lives of those who do keep them. They act as a type of bank - animals can be sold for special occasions or for a particular need. ‘Think like a chicken’Advice from a poultry expert. Keiron Forbes has earned the name ‘Chickenologist’ from travelling around the world helping people to start chicken projects, solving problems with their birds and giving advice on how to understand how chickens behave. Avian flu: prevention and controlAvian flu is an infectious viral illness that spreads among birds. It can affect chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowl, quail, pheasants, pigeons, “song birds” and many types of wild birds. The birds may or may not show signs of the disease; if signs do appear, they begin two to five days after the bird catches the virus. Bible study: Living under God’s wingsThe Bible is a story of God’s relationship with people. In his covenant with the people of Israel, in the journey to the Promised Land and in his sending of Jesus Christ we see him reaching out to us, seeking to gather us to him, to live with him and be looked after by him. Breeding small animalsby Julio de la Cruz Torreblanca. The Lindero Ecological Farm (La Granja Ecológica Lindero) is a beautiful place, with a lot of vege­tation and a desirable climate. The farm has productive activities such as breeding cattle and guinea pigs, poultry farming, a restaurant and accommodation facilities. DrenchingDrenching is the forced pouring of liquid preparations down the throat of an animal. Drenching can be used for all livestock. During drenching, the animal’s head must be raised so that the liquid does not enter the lungs. A bamboo tube, gourd or bottle (glass or plastic) can be used for drenching ruminants and pigs. DucksDucks, like other poultry, can be used for their meat and their eggs. There are many ways of raising ducks. The simplest method requires little capital input, where ducks are raised in the farmyard as part of a mixed farm. EditorialThe role which various small livestock play in the nutrition and economy of most families is an important one. In rural areas, many farmers unable to keep larger livestock regard sheep and goats as an investment - ready cash when money is needed for school fees or sickness. Smaller livestock - chickens, rabbits, etc - mean that hospitality is always available for visitors, and provide a supply of eggs and meat for the family, even though this is often only for special occasions. EditorialFor many families, the animals they keep often act as their bank, providing them with a source of income for use in emergencies or for special occasions such as weddings and funerals. The loss of an animal through disease is therefore a real blow. If healthcare for people is often not adequate, it is certainly true that in many countries healthcare for livestock may be completely lacking. In this issue we therefore look at ways of improving animal health, through the training of paravets, ... External parasites - Protecting your livestockProtecting your livestock by Dr Avijit Haldar. The word parasite means ‘one who eats at another’s table’. In other words, a living thing which lives off another animal (or plant). Livestock parasites are the small pests which live by taking nutrients (usually blood) from their animal host. F19 Trees for livestock fodder Many trees suitable for agroforestry have leaves and pods that are edible by animals such as cattle, goats and sheep. They can be cut regularly and… Fodder gardens for goatsby Mike Carter. Many smallholder farmers are short of land. They may want to keep livestock because animals provide security, but are unable to do so because they do not have enough land for large animals. One solution to this is to raise goats in pens and to grow fodder to feed them. Footsteps 95 - Poultry keeping Across the world many people depend on poultry keeping for their food and their livelihoods. We have included articles on nutrition and food safety, chicken health and some ideas on how to make money from your birds. Healthy birds, happy farmerIf you keep poultry it is very important to learn how to detect an unhealthy or sick bird, so that you can take action. If you do not, disease may spread to other birds and the whole flock may be lost. Housing village chickensHousing village chickens at night will protect them from rain and the cold, from predators and from theft. This article shares information about constructing a chicken house, chicken house hygiene, perches and nests. Improving animal health through paravetsby Robert Bowen and Mirjam Andriessen. Nearly everyone has heard the term community health worker (or primary health worker). However, the term paravet is likely to be new to many. Paravets are the equivalent of community health workers but for animals instead of people! Like health workers, they may not receive formal training, but instead receive practical training within their communities. Mapping animal diseasesby Naftally Felix Omondi. Transmara Western Group (TMWG) in Kenya is a small team of researchers which has volunteered to promote sustainable development. Members encourage the use of traditional knowledge in agriculture to help relieve poverty. They work through extension training, research and by networking with NGOs in seminars and workshops. Marketing your poultry products: experience from Honduras Experience from Honduras. Footsteps interviewed Rommel Romero, Coordinator of the Diakanos Programme at Proyecto Aldea Global, Honduras, to find out how his project helps people to make a living from keeping poultry. Medicinal plants for animal healthcareby Ines Vivian Domingo. The use of plants to cure ailments is an age-old practice. The preparation of herbal medicines remains an important part of healthcare for both humans and livestock, especially in rural areas. Small and subsistence farmers in remote communities depend largely on the use of medicinal plants in the absence of veterinarians and modern veterinary medicines. And even if these were available, farmers could ill-afford to pay for the services or buy the medicines anyway. ... Newcastle Disease Vaccines for village chickensby Professor P B Spradbrow. Most rural families in developing countries keep chickens, even those families that are too poor to own other animals. These chickens must scavenge for most of their food, although sometimes they receive household scraps as well. The chickens are not penned up and often they lack even basic housing. Village chickens are available for sale or barter and they provide meat or eggs. All too frequently a serious disease called Newcastle disease ... Paravet training in southern Sudanby Nimaya Kenyi Mogga. ACCOMPLISH is a local NGO in Terekeka District in southern Sudan. They have established a paravet project to improve animal health care in the area. Partridge rearingIn answer to Mabete Miankenda’s query about raising partridges in Footsteps 45, I have bred and reared three kinds of partridges. I hope that you have available some broody hens. I would suggest that you begin by searching for nests of wild partridges. When they have 10–15 eggs, take most of them away leaving just two or three eggs in the nest. Place the eggs immediately under your broody hen. Hopefully the partridge will then lay some more eggs but you should let her hatch these because you do ... Plants for animal healthcareby Ines Vivian Domingo. BEFORE USING A PLANT FOR TREATMENT Be very sure you have identified the correct plant. If you are unsure, ask people with skills in using herbal treatments for their advice. Never use a plant unless you are sure it is the right one. Problems with poultryby Mike Carter. You have probably seen an ‘intensive’ poultry project: day-old chicks of a ‘grade’ or ‘hybrid’ type have been bought; an expensive poultry house has been built for them, perhaps with a corrugated tin roof; special feed is brought ready-mixed from mills. Problems with poultryThis article first appeared in Footsteps 10 on Small Livestock. RabbitsRabbits are kept by small-scale producers in virtually every country of the world. When well managed, they are very productive, reproducing rapidly and producing good quality meat and fur. They are useful animals for individual farmers, village groups and schools. ResourcesA selection of books, websites and training material on the subject of poultry keeping. Safe and healthy poultry keepingPoultry (chickens, ducks, quail, guinea fowl, geese and other domestic birds) benefit human health because meat and eggs from birds provide healthy and nutritious food. This article outlines the main benefits and risks to humans that are associated with poultry keeping and consumption, and describes how to keep the risks as low as possible so that the benefits can be enjoyed to the full. The editor's scrapbook! - Tips from around the worldMuscovy ducks are an excellent way of controlling flies. At a recent ceremony in Togo, a number of muscovy ducks were killed and prepared for cooking. An employee of the Heifer Project opened their crops, out of interest, to see what they had been eating. (The crop is an enlarged pouch in the throat of a bird where food is stored before being digested.) Each crop was filled with hundreds of flies! The guinea pigThe guinea pig or cavy (cuy or cobayo) comes from the Andes in South America. Villagers in many parts of South America keep guinea pigs in their kitchens. Treating animal skinsWe would like to respond to the request in a recent issue of Footsteps about technical knowledge for processing hides and running a small-scale tannery. We have run courses teaching tanning techniques and how to use the leather for items such as sandals and belts. We are preparing a booklet on this subject. Village poultry productionA farmers’ discussion group in Kenya identified five main causes for low production with village chickens: What should chickens eat?Correct feeding of village poultry will not only improve their production of eggs and meat but also keep the chickens healthy – well-fed chickens will produce good food for you. Chickens need a mixed diet to stay healthy, just as people do. Wildlife ManagementA case study from Zambia After many years of trying, through a very expensive law enforcement campaign, to deal with the poaching of wildlife, Zambia realised that no progress was being made. Poaching continued at the same rate – in some areas it even increased.