All households produce some waste. This may include food waste, paper, plastics, tins, batteries and broken tools and equipment. Paper can be recycled or used for lighting fires. Old cans or cut-up plastic bottles can be used for growing tree seedlings. Vegetable waste can be placed in compost heaps or pits and turned regularly to produce good compost for use in home gardens. Some rubbish can be burned but avoid burning plastics, aerosols or batteries. They can release poisonous chemicals and aerosols can explode.
Dispose of other waste at a convenient distance from the home. Rubbish pits are the best and safest way of disposing of household waste. They remove household waste from view and keep unpleasant smells, flies and rats away from the home.
Pits should be about the size of two doors (2 x 2–3 metres) and one metre deep. This size will last an average household several years. Pits should be dug at least 20 metres from water supplies and 20 metres from homes. They should be dug on higher ground in wet areas so they are less likely to fill with water during the rainy season. Cover the rubbish regularly with a thin layer of soil to avoid smells and reduce flies. Build a fence or hedge to keep out young children and animals.