Make sure all pans, dishes and tools used in preparing food are clean. Dry them on a drying rack and avoid using a cloth to dry them.

Uncooked meat and fish, and uncooked vegetables with soil on them, should never touch cooked foods. After handling uncooked food, wash hands well before handling cooked foods.

Some food such as milk, fish, cooked meat, cooked rice and other cereals will spoil more quickly than other kinds of food. Once cooked, these foods should not be left at warm temperatures for more than two hours before eating.

Flies carry disease, so food should always be covered. When preparing food, put waste food into a covered container to avoid attracting flies. Use a pit for rubbish that is a good distance from homes. If possible, cover with earth each time the rubbish pit is used.


  • What can be used to keep food and drinks covered at all times?
  • How do people dispose of waste materials in our area? Are there community waste pits? If so, are the surroundings kept clean to reduce flies and vermin? If there are no waste pits, could the community make some as a good way of improving health?
  • How do flies spread disease? What can we do to prevent them spreading diseases?
  • How common is the use of drying racks to dry cooking utensils in our area? What are the advantages of using them? How could more people be encouraged to make and use them?