Latrines take a long time to plan and build well. Sometimes there may be situations when there is no time to build proper latrines, such as after disasters. Set aside an area of land to use as a public latrine and make sure everyone uses this. Dig two separate trenches at the edge furthest away from where people are living, one for men and one for women. Provide some kind of screening for privacy. Make sure the women’s latrine is in a safe place so they will not be afraid to use it.
When one trench is nearly full, cover it with soil and dig another trench next to it. Starting at the farthest edge prevents people from needing to walk over used trenches. Though people may not be too happy using an emergency latrine, it will protect their health and keep water and food supplies safe. It may also avoid the risk of cholera and other diseases.
Cleaning materials may need to be provided – paper, leaves or water, depending on the situation and cultural practices. Water used for cleaning the body after passing faeces will always contain microbes. Make sure containers are cleaned regularly and this water is disposed of safely. It is also very important that water and soap is provided to allow people to wash their hands.