Filtered by: Building <Back to previous page A nest of low cost beds Building a pit latrine Building a Pondby Dennis and Meredith Murnyak. Choosing the site. You will need a good source of water – such as springs, streams and ground water. You can also rely on rain water. Rain-filled ponds often dry up in the dry season, so you must harvest the fish before the water level falls too low. Cooking without fuelTraditional cooking methods, using firewood and charcoal, prove more and more time consuming for women around the world as reserves of fuel trees are used up. Women find they either have to walk further to collect enough wood for cooking the family meal, or else buy expensive paraffin. The use of fireless cookers is not a new idea, but often the ideas are presented in ways which seem alien to people. Fireless cookers are unlikely to replace traditional methods of cooking, but they can be a very ... D11 Community buildingsIn every community there are public buildings that provide important social and spiritual functions. These buildings should be made safer than other… Design of handdug wellsby Daniel Schotanus. There are several ways to design and build hand-dug wells. In many societies there are local experts with knowledge and expertise developed through years of experience. In the Borana area of Ethiopia, for example, traditional hand-dug wells have been reported with depths of over 100 metres. Energy efficient cooking stovesA vast majority of women, especially in densely populated areas, are experiencing an ever increasing shortage of firewood. They find they have to spend more and more time gathering enough firewood, or agricultural wastes such as coffee or tea braches, maize cobs and stalks etc. Ferrocement tankWater tanks store rainwater from roofs. Tanks made of ferro-cement are fairly cheap, simple to make and easy to repair. Ferrocement TankFerro-cement water tanks can be used to store rainwater collected from roofs. They use wire mesh to reinforce the walls. This means that the walls do not need to be thick, so less cement is needed. If mesh is not too expensive, the tanks can be much cheaper than ready-made alternatives. Fibrecement tilesFibre-cement tiles and bricks are a relatively recent development. They use less cement than conventional tiles and bricks and make use of locally available fibres, reducing costs, and making light, strong building materials. A wide variety of fibre-cement building materials can be made – tiles, blocks, gutters and curved blocks for water tanks. A special machine called a vibrator and the appropriate moulds need to be purchased. For simplicity, we will just consider the tiles in this ... Fresh ideas for waterFair shares with plastic pipes by Rus Alit. While I was working in Indonesia in the village of Sarinbuana with rural water supplies, a neighbouring village came up with their own interesting idea. Moulds for ferrocement tanksGreetings from the Kingdom of Swaziland. I’d like to share a few comments on the ferro-cement tank in Footsteps 30. Since 1994 I have been involved with a tank-building programme with local churches and several hundred have been constructed, both in Swaziland and South Africa. We have a good teaching video available in Zulu. New ideas for cooking stovesWith thanks to… Aprovecho Research Center, USA Anna Pearce, Box Aid SSS, UK Heifer Project Exchange Planning a pit latrineCompiled by Richard Franceys and Isabel Carter. When the decision to build a pit latrine is made, then there are many things to consider… Planning a pit latrineCompiled by Brian Skinner, Richard Franceys and Isabel Carter Protection from lightningby Ronald Watts. Tropical countries throughout the world have considerably more lightning strikes than cooler countries. High exposed plateau areas with few trees seem to receive more lightning strikes than other areas. When people live in thatched huts the risks are higher. Zimbabwe holds the record for the highest number of people killed by a single flash of lightning, with 21 people killed in one hut near Mutare in 1975. Simple lowcost improvements for latrinesLatrines are commonly made with reinforced concrete slabs, as shown in article 'Planning a pit latrine.' However, this method uses a lot of cement and can be too expensive for many. This means that people either do not build latrines or build them with mud floors which are hard to clean. Here are two methods of building latrine covers which are easy to keep clean but which use much less cement. Eight sanplats, for example, can be made from one bag of cement.