WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE

In this issue we look at the three related subjects of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. It is now realised that these three must go hand in hand to achieve real improvements in health. Richard Franceys and Paul Dean have helped to provide articles and practical instructions for each of these three key areas. Issues for both rural and urban situations are considered. We show how to build a water tank for use alongside a home, school, health centre or church. In a future issue we will give a short article on making cement water jars which are ideal for use in the home. 

Please find below articles from Footsteps issue 30 in html.

To download a pdf version of Footsteps issue 30 click here (1083K).


  • Bible study: Water for life

    Water for life. The Bible has a surprisingly large number of references to water – over 300 in my concordance, not to mention another 80 on rain. Which is the first verse that comes to your mind when you think about water?

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  • Editorial

    In this issue we look at the three related subjects of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. It is now realised that these three must go hand in hand to achieve real improvements in health. Richard Franceys and Paul Dean have helped to provide articles and practical instructions for each of these three key areas. Issues for both rural and urban situations are considered. We show how to build a water tank for use alongside a home, school, health centre or church. (We know from your letters that some ...

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  • Ferro-cement Tank

    Ferro-cement water tanks can be used to store rainwater collected from roofs. They use wire mesh to reinforce the walls. This means that the walls do not need to be thick, so less cement is needed. If mesh is not too expensive, the tanks can be much cheaper than ready-made alternatives.

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  • Hygiene behaviour

    by Paul Dean. Providing a clean water supply and encouraging people to build latrines should surely be enough to ensure good health. In the past people have certainly believed this to be true. However, an evaluation of a water and sanitation programme by the Ministry of Health in Botswana (UNICEF), though it brought many positive benefits, included these interesting results…

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  • Letters

    Organ transplants. It is heartbreaking to learn from reading the Footsteps 29 article on Children at Risk what kind of life these street children have. The situation here in Nepal is similar, with the problem of child prostitution added to the mix of potential trouble.

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  • Resources

    Communicating Health: Action Guide to Health Education. by J Hubley.  This book, published in 1993, investigates the way in which communication can help to improve people’s health and discusses ways in which health education and health promotion may be used to help communities and families take action on the health issues that affect their lives. There are practical guidelines on how to carry out effective communication in a variety of settings, including the family, community, schools, ...

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  • Simple, low-cost improvements for latrines

    Latrines are commonly made with reinforced concrete slabs, as shown in article 'Planning a pit latrine.' However, this method uses a lot of cement and can be too expensive for many. This means that people either do not build latrines or build them with mud floors which are hard to clean. Here are two methods of building latrine covers which are easy to keep clean but which use much less cement. Eight sanplats, for example, can be made from one bag of cement.

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  • The three legs?

    by Richard Franceys. We all know that water is a wonderful gift. It falls as rain and collects in streams and rivers or under the ground. From there we can take it for drinking, for cooking, for bathing and for washing pots and pans and clothes.

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  • The 'Tippy Tap'

     by Elena Hurtado. Shortage of water is the main reason why people fail to wash their hands regularly. Here is an idea which only uses about a tenth of the amount of water usually used to wash hands. The Tippy Tap is made from an old plastic container with a hollow handle. It is based on the mukombe (Footsteps 14). It also uses less soap as the soap is hung up and protected from rain so it does not become soggy.

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  • Visual effects for health training

    Do you teach health workers? Do you use drama to share messages about health? Do you teach first aid or give training in emergency action? Have you ever wanted to catch people’s attention by using demonstrations to show how to treat wounds or burns? If you use volunteers and make them look like realistic victims of accidents, you can be sure that you will certainly provide training that your trainees are unlikely to forget!

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  • Why pay for water?

    Many people wonder why they have to pay for water, a product which is available naturally. Though there seems to be plenty of water on this earth, less than one percent is available in a form that is suitable for human consumption. Water must be transported, stored, and distributed to the consumer. These activities need financial and human resources.

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