Pollution is a problem in all countries, but the source of the problem may lie elsewhere. As consumption increases, pollution usually increases. The State of the World 2004 report by the Worldwatch Institute contains some alarming statistics. The 12% of the world’s population living in North America and Western Europe account for 60% of the world’s consumption, while the 33% living in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa account for only 3%.

Please find below articles from Footsteps issue 59 in html.

To download a pdf version of Footsteps issue 59 click here (809K).

  • Action against plastic bags

    Plastic bags are easily carried by the wind. They hang in bushes, float on rivers, flap from fences, clog drains, choke animals and affect the way the landscape looks. Few plastic bags are recycled and most types of plastic bags take hundreds of years to decay. In South Africa, plastic bags are so common they are called the ‘national flower’. In India, around 100 cows die each day from eating plastic bags that litter the streets.

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  • Creative ways of reusing materials

    We often throw things away when they are no longer useful. However, there may be other purposes we could use them for. These pages contain some suggestions for using everyday items to make toys or household items. The materials should be cleaned thoroughly before they are used again.

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  • Household rubbish pits

    A rubbish pit is a way of disposing of household waste by burying it, after it has been reduced or recycled as much as possible. This helps prevent contamination of water supplies and breeding of flies and rats which may spread disease to people in the community. A rubbish pit reduces unpleasant smells and removes household waste from sight.

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  • Household waste management in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    by Iftekhar Enayetullah. Over six million people live in Dhaka and each day they produce over 3,000 tons of household waste. Yet the Dhaka City Corporation collects less than half of it. The rest remains on roadsides, in open drains and in low-lying areas. This has a negative impact on the city’s environment. It is estimated that the population of Dhaka will be 19.5 million by 2015. It will become very difficult to find sites to bury the waste as the city expands, and transport costs to ...

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  • La Moya ecological reserve

    by Loida Carriel and Graham Gordon. Ayaviri is a town of 17,000 people, situated in the Andes mountains in Peru. It surrounds an ecological reserve called La Moya, which is the only place in the district that remains green throughout the year. La Moya has important historical and cultural significance. Two indigenous communities (traditional inhabitants) live on the edge of La Moya, and share it with Ayaviri. The communities keep animals in surrounding fields and during the dry season they ...

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  • Letters

    Increasing chicken production We have developed these useful ideas for increasing production of our local poultry. We would like to share them with others.

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  • Reduce, reuse, recycle

    We all produce rubbish. Usually we don’t think about it. We just throw it away. But the world is running out of room to store all the rubbish that is piling up. If left lying around, rubbish becomes a health hazard and looks ugly. Burning rubbish pollutes the air and the ashes are often toxic. Sometimes rubbish is dumped into rivers and lakes and pollutes the water. Often rubbish is buried in the ground. Buried rubbish may contain toxic substances that leak into the soil and pollute the water ...

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  • Reducing indoor air pollution - Participatory approaches in Kenya

    by Elizabeth Bates, Nigel Bruce, Alison Doig and Stephen Gitonga. Around 80% of people in rural sub-Saharan Africa depend on fuels such as wood, dung and crop residues for their domestic energy. Smoke from burning these fuels inside homes can lead to an increase in serious health problems such as pneumonia and lung disease. This particularly affects women and young children who spend large amounts of time in the kitchen.

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  • Resources

    Fundraising by Rachel Blackman This is book six in the ROOTS series, produced by Tearfund. Fundraising is often done in a disorganised way, rather than in a planned, forward-looking and strategic way. This book shows how to develop a fundraising strategy and contains ideas to help organisations diversify their funding base. The book costs £10 (US $18, € 14.50), including postage, and is available from:

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