Certain areas of the world are known to be at risk from earthquakes. However, sometimes there may be hundreds of years between major earthquakes. Earthquakes usually arrive with no warning and no time at all to prepare.
- In areas known to be at risk of earthquakes, buildings should always be strengthened to prevent roofs and walls collapsing. Mud blocks must be avoided as these disintegrate and bury people inside. Make sure shelves and bookcases are firmly secured to walls.
- If an earthquake begins while you are inside a building, either stand in a strong doorway or get under a strong table. Stand well away from glass windows, picture frames and bookshelves. Do not rush to the exits. If you are outside when an earthquake begins, move away from buildings and trees. Do not return to help injured survivors until you are sure the earthquake is over.