Glossary

Disasters

alarm any kind of noise or signal that warns of danger

circulation the movement of blood around the body, pumped by the heart

crisis an unstable period of great trouble or danger

cyclone a violent tropical storm with very strong winds and heavy rain. This term is used in Southeast Asia. See also hurricane and typhoon

disaster an event, either natural or man-made, that causes great distress or destruction

drought a long period with little or no rainfall

earthquake strong shaking of the earth’s surface caused by movement along geological fault lines

evacuation plan a rapid and safe way to move every person out of danger to a place of safety

ferro-cement cement, used in building structures, which is strengthened by adding a core of wire or wood

flood water, usually from a river or sea, which overflows and covers land that is normally dry

hazard an event or situation which could lead to danger, loss or injury

HIV human immunodeficiency virus – the cause of AIDS

hurricane a violent tropical storm with very strong winds and heavy rain. This term is used in the Atlantic and Caribbean areas. See also cyclone and typhoon

impact long-term and sustainable change resulting from an activity

NGO non governmental organisation

potassium permanganate dark purple crystals which dissolve in water to form a liquid that can be used as bleach, disinfectant and antiseptic

risk the possibility of danger, loss or injury from an event or situation

sanitation practical methods for safely disposing of human waste in ways that do not harm public health

stabilise to restore order and balance to a rapidly changing situation or state

trauma a powerful shock or injury that may have lasting effects physically, emotionally or both

traumatised suffering from a long-lasting state of trauma (see above)

typhoon a violent tropical storm with very strong winds and heavy rain. This term is used in the China seas and west Pacific areas. See also hurricane and cyclone

unconscious a state that appears like deep sleep when a person loses all awareness of their surroundings following an injury or illness