Filtered by: Health Education <Back to previous page An effective caring family planning programmeDrs Steve and Margaret Brown with Marian Storkey. Does your area have an effective and caring family planning programme, or are you considering how to improve or set up such a programme? Whatever the situation in your area, here are four key points to think about. Anamed Natural medicineby Dr Hans-Martin Hirt and Dr Keith Lindsey. When Europeans first arrived in Africa, Asia and the Americas and witnessed practices such as ritual sacrifice and ancestor worship, they quickly labelled these as primitive. Instead, they introduced the people to European customs, culture and religion. However, we now recognise that there is much to learn from these traditional cultures. In rejecting some dangerous practices, many other beneficial practices were ignored. Anastausia's knotty problemby Dr Steve Brown. I would like to open the discussion about the knotty problem of women like Anastausia who are given oxytocics, either by village healers, in the form of roots (‘Knotty Problems’ in Footsteps No.7) or, as I have seen in Bangladesh, by village ‘doctors’, in the form of oxytocin injections or tablets. The problem, of course, is that oxytocics are powerful stimulants of muscles in the womb and that, when given in a high or uncontrolled dose before the baby is delivered can cause ... Bible study: Traditional medicinesTraditional medicines - a gift from God. From the very beginning, we read in Genesis 1:29 how God placed plants in our lives. He gave us seed-bearing plants and trees that bear fruit for our use as food. And so in every place; wet or dry, land or sea, appropriate plants grow (Isaiah 41:19). Case Studies taking good adviceBy Dr Heather-Louise Williamson. These two case studies illustrate how difficult it can be for doctors and health workers to put Dr Lankester’s advice into practice, when patients will not accept the advice they are given. Use these stories to help your patients, and others, to understand the points which Dr Lankester is making. Children against the guinea wormThe Child-to Child programme aims to help children to help each other. Children can be helped to discover the world in which they live and to realise that they are a group with a definite role to play in the community. The Child-to Child Trust provides teaching materials and ideas which encourage children and their teachers to learn about health living, through the use of questionnaires, discussions, stories and games. Together the children are encouraged to carry out practical projects, such ... EditorialTraditional medicine is a subject that touches everyone, since we are all interested in our own health. All of us are likely to have experienced some kind of traditional medicine from childhood onwards. Herbal remedies form part of our cultures, but such knowledge is often rapidly being lost. Modern medicine has most of the answers to health problems, but is not always available or affordable. In addition, many countries experience considerable difficulties in obtaining medical supplies. Epilepsy A worldwide problemThere are an estimated 50 million people with epilepsy in the world. The majority of them (85%) live in the developing world, where there is often considerable discrimination due to ignorance about the condition and many difficulties in getting effective treatment. The Global Campaign against Epilepsy aims to overcome the medical and social barriers that affect the quality of life of those with epilepsy. FIRST AID Emergency TreatmentHere are a few reminders of the priorities of first aid. Before looking at burns and broken bones, remember your ABC… First aid training in schoolsby Cíntia F Rojo Accidents often happen in and around school. Children’s natural curiosity exposes them to situations of risk, which are not always anticipated by the adults in charge. Often, it is only after an accident that the teacher realises the danger in the classroom of a chair too close to a window or furniture with sharp corners. Most teachers do not receive specific ‘first aid’ training and so when faced with a crisis do not know how to respond. Ideas from around the worldSo many of you have shared good ideas about working with TB and AIDS education. Here is a collection of them. We hope that some at least will be helpful to you. Keeping out mosquitoesCcompiled by Uzo Okoli, Rod Mill and Isabel Carter. Keeping mosquitoes out of your home is the most important way of protecting your family from malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases. Here are a number of practical steps you can take. Kisumu Dental UnitPrimary dental care in Western Kenya Some 20 years ago, a clergyman in Kisumu, Western Kenya, faced a growing problem. Regularly people would come to his door “suffering from teeth”. He was unable to help them but what could he do? Local help was not available so he arranged for two dentists to come from the UK to start the Dental Unit in the Dioceses of Maseno North and South. Knotty problemsWomen in the rural Cajamarca area of Cuzco, Peru, have many traditional beliefs concerning pregnancy and birth. Some of these beliefs case real problems for health workers who are trying to improve health care in the area. For example: Low cost sanitation work in Lesothoby Isobel Blackett. In 1981 the Government of Lesotho made a commitment to improve the water and sanitation if the country. An initial Urban Sanitation Project was started. By 1983 this project, known as the Urban Sanitation Improvement Team (USIT), was well established and a Rural Sanitation Project (RSP) was beginning work, based on some of USIT’s experiences. Malaria a new solutionMalaria is a serious and growing problem world-wide, with about 2.5 million people dying as a result of malaria each year. The malaria parasites increasingly develop resistance to the well-known malaria drugs. New drugs are being developed, but these are often extremely expensive and not easily obtained. However, traditional medicine seems to be providing new hope. Practical methods for spacing familiesThere are many ways of helping couples to space their families. The most suitable method depends on what is available, the needs of the couple, and on their beliefs about which methods are appropriate. TB TreatmentIssue 19 of Footsteps on TB and AIDS as always made interesting reading. Your cover article was very appropriate and timely, as WHO has already declared TB as a global emergency. It has established itself as a number one killer among all the infectious diseases in adults. TB a curable diseaseby Sue Hanley. Early one morning in Thiet, Sudan, there was a knock on our door. A man stood outside, holding a tiny newborn baby. On examination, we found that the baby was full term but very small and had obviously not grown properly during pregnancy. Test your AIDS awarenessThis quiz has proved a useful tool in discussion groups and AIDS teaching sessions. It was prepared by Karen Homer and Deborah Ventimiglia. Answer true or false for each of the following questions and then check your answers below. The Diarrhoea DollJean-Pierre, Toussaint, Patrice and Raphael supervise a group of health workers in Rafai, Central Africa Republic. Their task is to teach how to avoid some diseases. One of the commonest diseases in the area is diarrhoea. To make the teaching more effective, a ‘diarrhoea doll’ is used! Toussaint tells us how it works... The dental health messageBy Alison Thornley. Dental disease is a big problem in many countries today, but it does not require specialist knowledge to help prevent this problem. For community health workers, nurses, clinical officers and anyone else who is interested, the following will give a few tips on dental health education. The immunisation handMany people have difficulty remembering the schedule for childhood immunisation. This means that children often miss some or all of a series of immunisations that can protect them against polio, hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, and other preventable diseases. The IPASC programme for Safe Motherhoodby Kaswera Vulere. The Safe Motherhood Programme at IPASC (Institut Panafricain de Santé Communautaire), Nyankunde in the Democratic Republic of the Congo recently extended its work in the local communities. Mothers join small groups where they can discuss problems and find their own solutions, according to local culture and the available local resources. We also hope to start discussions and workshops for young people, couples and women who have reached the menopause. Threepile sorting cardsThis is a very useful teaching method which has been developed and used by Kumasi Health Education Unit in Ghana. It encourages community health workers to participate in discussion and to develop self confidence in thinking through the problems and needs of their community. It is also an exercise which will help trainers to assess the understanding and knowledge of their trainees. Traditional beliefs and health problemsBy Sandra Michie. When we move into a difficult cultural situation and begin to understand people’s beliefs in health or other areas, we often face difficulties in teaching new ideas. Traditional medicine discussion questionsTraditional medicine is a term that does not just simply refer to herbal cures for illnesses. It also touches on all kinds of healing approaches. In this issue we have focused on the enormous benefits available in using tried and tested herbal remedies. However, the boundary between herbal cures and more spiritual influences is not clear. Christians have often avoided all aspects of traditional medicine for fear of negative spiritual influences. Update on vitamin ABy Professor Andrew Tomkins. It has been known for many years that Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness. In the early stages, the individual complains of not being able to see well at night (night blindness). As the deficiency develops, the lining of the eye becomes dry and cloudy. Eventually, small ulcers may develop and unless vitamin A is taken quickly, the eye is permanently damaged. Vitamin A deficiency is often brought about by illness, particularly diarrhoea and measles, and is ... Visual effects for health trainingDo you teach health workers? Do you use drama to share messages about health? Do you teach first aid or give training in emergency action? Have you ever wanted to catch people’s attention by using demonstrations to show how to treat wounds or burns? If you use volunteers and make them look like realistic victims of accidents, you can be sure that you will certainly provide training that your trainees are unlikely to forget! Warning Medicines can seriously damage your healthDr Ted Lankester, now Director of Interhealth which is based at Mildmay Mission Hospital, worked as a doctor in India for a number of years. Though this article is written for health workers and doctors, we can all learn from what he writes. All of us need medicine at some time in our life – this article will help us to realise that medicine is not always the answer to our problems. The misuse and over-prescription of drugs is a growing problem all over the world and one that should concern all ... Working with traditional Medicinesby René Gayana Simbard. The Pan-African Institute of Community Health (IPASC) in DR Congo has several departments including training, research, healthcare, mother and childcare and consultation.