Drying – Food Cycle Technology Sourcebook No 6.
By UNIFEM, the United Nations Development Fund for Women. 62 pages paperback.

A useful and practical booklet, giving detailed information on the design and building of a range of different food dryers. It introduces the technical principles of food drying and also contains project planning checklists, case studies and extensive references and contacts. UNIFEM has offices in many countries you could contact. Or write to…

Women Ink, 777 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA.

Rural Processing and Preserving Techniques for Fruits and Vegetables Published by FAO

A well illustrated manual giving clear and simple instructions on various ideas for processing fruits and vegetables to preserve them. Photos, examples and case studies are from Burkina Faso. It includes information about hygiene, blanching, drying of fruit and vegetables, mango jam and juice, citrus fruit juice and tomato pulp. It aims to encourage small groups to produce good quality products that can be marketed. The manual was first prepared in French and is now also available in English

To request a copy of this helpful book, write, with details of your work, to…

Peter Steele AGSI, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

Food Chain

This is a helpful and practical journal published by Intermediate Technology about every aspect of small-scale food processing. It is aimed at development institutions, non-government organisations and individuals working with poor communities in the South who are involved with food processing activities. If you would like to receive this journal (which is published three times a year) write, giving details of your work, and if appropriate, copies will be sent free of charge.

Food Chain, Myson House, Railway Terrace, Rugby, CV21 3HT, UK.

Looking Forward and Looking Back – a participatory approach to evaluation by Jerry Aaker and Jennifer Shumaker Heifer Project International

This is a practical aid to effective evaluation which has been developed over ten years of project development with Heifer Projects. It breaks down the process of evaluation into six steps which are each looked at in detail: the purpose of the evaluation, setting the focus, collecting information, planning for implementation, analysing and organising the data, and the follow-up plan.

A useful and practical guide to anyone actually involved in carrying out evaluations and monitoring the progress of a project.

The manual costs $6, including postage. Order from… Heifer Project International, PO Box 808, Little Rock, AR 72203, USA.

Neem – a tree for solving global problems National Research Council

This report is written in clear language and covers a huge variety of the uses to which neem is put in different countries. The people of India have long revered the neem tree and because it can help with so many different complaints it has been called ‘the village pharmacy’. Millions in India believe neem has miraculous powers. Now scientists around the world are beginning to think they may be right.

The report contains details of ongoing research into neem products and likely future developments. Copies of the book are available free of charge. Write, including a clear label with your name and address and giving details of your work, to…

Noel D Vietmeyer, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington DC 20418, USA.

Vetiver Grass – a thin green line against erosion

Also published by the National Research Council, this is a similar report which looks into the effectiveness and potential of vetiver grass in controlling erosion. It gives much information on the different uses of vetiver grass in different countries. It includes details of husbandry, case studies, research work and future potential for this useful plant. Very useful for anyone involved in soil erosion control. This book, also, is available free of charge – write to the name and address given above.

Taking Hold of Rural Life by Patchanee Natpracha and Alexandra Stephens

FAO – Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

This is a very helpful manual encouraging small scale participatory development. It is aimed at field workers in Asia and the Pacific. It is very well illustrated, and provides plenty of ideas, methods and new approaches. The book is divided into five sections:

  • An introduction to real participation
  • Research – understanding and studying situations together
  • Planning – the best way of reaching goals together
  • Management and Implementation – enabling communities to become self-reliant, creative and self-motivating
  • Monitoring and Evaluation – continuous feedback about all aspects of development

Nearly all the numerous illustrations are of women which makes a refreshing change! Highly recommended. Limited free copies are available. Write, describing your work, to…

Alexandra Stephens, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand.

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation – a handbook for training fieldworkers by Alexandra Stephens

This booklet is a guide for training fieldworkers to assist village groups in Asia who want to develop a monitoring and evaluation system which allows everyone in the community to participate, to benefit from and to make use of the information gathered. This is a helpful introduction to this important subject, particularly in the very practical methods it describes of gathering information, monitoring progress and displaying the results with simple graphs and charts.

Very well illustrated, again mostly with drawings of women. Extremely useful to anyone involved in working with communities. Like the above book, limited numbers of free copies are available. Write, giving details of your work, to Alexandra Stephens at the previous address.

Networking Contacts

Following our earlier collection of networking contacts in Footsteps 17, here are some further addresses of people who have agreed to act as contacts for others in their geographical area. It is always helpful to write or meet with others involved in similar work, so we would encourage you to make contact.

Please note, however, that these people are not sources of funding or literature.


  • Andrew Gwaivangmin, COCIN, PMB 2127, Jos, Nigeria.
  • Jameson Mubita Icubo, Farm Institute Ltd, P O Box 260152, Kalulushi, Zambia.
  • Stephen Carr, Private Bag 5, Zomba, Malawi.

Church and Development Work

  • T K Joy, EFICOR, College Square, PO Balangir – 767002, Orissa State, India.
  • Bougma J Marie, AAILD, 01 BP 3368, Ougadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Sally Chademana, Development Officer Baptist Union of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.


  • Alexis Andino, CONSEDE, AP #4339, Tegucigalpa DC, Honduras.
  • Chantelle Wyley, Development Contact Network, 50 Umbilo Road, Durban 4001, South Africa.

Primary Health Care

  • Dr Diana Srinigasagam, IEM, 7 Langford Road, Bangalore 560 025, India.
  • N Andriamitandrina, B P 381, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar.


  • Ken Hargesheimer, Box 1901, Lubbock, TX 79408, USA.

Traditional Knowledge and Customs

  • Ravindra Shakya, P O Box 842, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Training and Income Generation

  • Revd Nimi Luzolo, Coordinator de PRAAL, c/o Dr Ray Dourney, BP 4464 Kin II, Kinshasa, Zaire.

Technology Resource Groups

The following groups may be able to provide advice for specific problems concerning technology. Please note: they are not funding agencies.


Publish several journals and offer advice on a wide variety of technologies.

ITDG, Myson House, Railway Terrace, Rugby, CV21 4HT, UK


Publish the journal GATE and provide an information service.

GATE, PO Box 5180, D-65726, Eschborn, Germany.


Links 38 organisations in south and southeast Asia. They encourage the sharing of information about technologies such as renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, water supply and food processing. To find out more about the network, write to:

Approtech Asia, Philippine Social Development Centre, Magallanes cor. Real Street, Intramuros, Manila 1002, The Philippines.


May be able to provide advice concerning the post-harvest treatment of food crops – for example: food drying, preserving, food grinders, oil extraction.

CTI, 5835 Lyndale Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55419, USA.


A network for appropriate technology in Central America. Contact:

CEMAT, Carlos Estrada B, Apartado Postal 1160, Guatamala 01901.