Small Scale Food Processing – a directory of equipment and methods.  
by S Azam-Ali, E Judge, P Fellows and M Battcock

This is a new revised edition from ITDG Publishing of a useful reference guide on food processing and preservation. It is aimed at business advisers and trainers, development workers and food processing businesses. It examines the principles of food preservation and processing. It looks in detail at all kinds of processing equipment. Essential information is included on quality control and hygiene issues, and the packaging of processed food. The guide contains a good directory of suppliers, manufacturers and equipment.

This book costs £29.95 and can be ordered from:

HIV Counselling and Testing for Youth

A third of those who request HIV tests are young people. They often have different needs from adults. This easy-to-use 92-page manual from Youthnet is designed to help health workers and counsellors improve their skills and use youth-friendly approaches. It also contains information on contraceptive options, other sexually transmitted infections, and tips and role-plays – to use with young people – on abstinence and being faithful. It is available free at:

To request a printed copy, please e-mail:

Processing Foods for Improved Livelihoods
FAO Diversification Booklet No 5
by Peter Fellows

This booklet provides a useful overview of different food preparation and processing methods. It considers supplies, packaging, marketing and appropriate equipment and methods. Other booklets in the series look at beekeeping, postharvest, trees and poultry.
Order from:

FAO Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome Italy


The Stationery Office

Growing Citrus Trees under Challenging Conditions
by Dr Roger Sharland

This is a practical booklet outlining the steps of growing citrus in difficult conditions, with sections on nursery techniques – including budding, transplanting and pests and diseases. It costs KSh 200/– per copy.
Order from:

REAP (Rural Extension for Africa’s Poor) PO Box 76584, Yaga Centre Nairobi 00509 Kenya.

Financial Management for Emergencies

This is a useful, free toolkit aimed at supporting programme managers working in emergency situations, and often managing budget requirements for different organisations.


Family Nutrition Guide
by Ann Burgess and Peter Glasauer

This new guide is for health workers, nutritionists and other community and development workers. It aims to provide information on preparing good, nutritious and safe meals for all family members and to motivate people to adopt healthy eating habits.

The guide is divided into 11 topics that cover basic nutrition, family food security, meal planning, food hygiene and the special feeding needs of children, women and men, and of old, sick and malnourished people. Each topic has two parts: Nutrition notes, providing up-to-date knowledge, and Sharing this information, describing how to prepare participatory sessions.

The book has 125 pages and is available in English only. It costs US $26 and can be obtained from FAO booksellers, ordered from the FAO website or downloaded free of charge.


Food Cycle Technology Source Books

Each book in this series from UNIFEM provides useful practical information on one aspect of food processing. The titles include: Cereal processing, Drying, Fish processing, Storage and Oil processing. Each contains ideas for improvements, case studies, equipment and useful contacts. Each costs £7.95 (US $15). For more information contact:

ITDG Publishing

Useful contacts

Agromisa is a Dutch organisation providing information and advice on small-scale sustainable agriculture to support and strengthen self-reliance of the rural populations in the South. They have an excellent series of nearly 40 Agrodoks – practical manuals on all aspects of sustainable agriculture available in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese. They also provide a free technical enquiry service.
Postbus 41, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands.

The Natural Resources Institute (NRI) has produced a number of practical guides on oil extraction, fish drying and food processing. These are now all available on

The NRI website is:

Practical Action (the new name for ITDG) helps poor people to access and develop the skills and simple technologies that will enable them to build a better future. They have a series of useful technical briefs.
Bourton-on-Dunsmore, Rugby, Warwickshire, CV23 9QZ, UK

Science and Development Network raises awareness of the potential contribution of science and technology to social and economic development.

Midway Technology Associates provide technical and business support to small and medium scale enterprises. They have many years’ experience in food technology, food processing equipment and business management. They aim to help build sustainable systems that can provide long-term benefit. Areas of work include support to institutions that promote engineering or food processing, development of local training and consultancy skills, advice on processing agricultural products, local manufacture of equipment and packaging.
Contact: Midway Technology, 19 High Street, Bonsall, Derbyshire, DE4 2AS, UK 

The Henry Doubleday Research Association (HDRA) promotes and researches organic horticulture and agriculture in the UK.

HDRA provide a tropical advisory service:
HDRA, Ryton Organic Gardens, Coventry, CV8 3LG, UK

Financial reporting to beneficiaries

Reducing fraud is key to making sure funds reach the intended beneficiaries. In 1995 the Ugandan government began to use the local newspapers to publish financial information about grants to schools. Local people then had details of monthly transfers so they could monitor officials’ work. By 2001 the average primary school was receiving 82% of its funding, compared to just 25% in 1995. An amazing improvement!

By having such access to financial information, beneficiaries can make sure that funds are spent on their real priorities. This reduces the risks of fraud and of funds being spent on inappropriate activities. It encourages meaningful participation between NGO staff and the people they aim to help. 

The NGO Mango has launched the Who Counts? Campaign. This encourages NGOs to tell the people they aim to help how much money they are spending. Look at the website where there are practical guides and case studies. Please consider signing the campaign and encouraging other NGOs to do the same.