Fair trade

Fair Trade

Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for development

Compiled by Helen Gaw.

Goal 8 is about countries and international organisations working together to relieve poverty. The goal includes developing fairer policies between rich countries and poor countries, the reduction of poor countries' national debt and increasing worldwide access to communication technologies and medicines.

The targets are aimed at Northern governments. One target is to develop a trading system that treats people fairly.

Fair trade

In the last ten years, more and more consumers in the North have started supporting the fair trade movement. Fair trade ensures that producers are not treated unjustly. Ordinary people doing their shopping want to know that the producers were paid a fair price. Consumers have put pressure on shops, which have started to stock more fairly traded products. This has helped many producers out of poverty.

How can I get involved?

If you want to run a fair trade business or be a fair trade producer, there are ten standards set by the World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) that need to be met before you can seek Fair Trade accreditation.

Website: www.wfto.com

Footsteps 65 and Footsteps 80 have articles about fair trade producers.

Ten Standards of Fair Trade

1  Creating Opportunities for Economically Disadvantaged Producers

  • reduce poverty through trade
  • support marginalised small-scale producers

2  Transparency and Accountability

  • transparency in management and commercial relations
  • involve employees, members and producers in decision-making processes
  • good communication at all levels of the supply chain

3  Trading Practices

  • profit is not at the expense of the social, economic and environmental well-being of marginalised small-scale producers

4  Payment of a Fair Price

  • A fair price is one that everyone has agreed to through dialogue and participation, which provides fair pay to the producers and can also be sustained by the market. Fair trade organisations support training for producers, to help them to set a fair price

5  Child Labour and Forced Labour

  • no forced labour
  • involvement of children in the production of fair trade products (including learning a traditional art or craft) is always made known and monitored and does not interfere with the children's well-being, security, education and need for play in any way

6  Non Discrimination, Gender Equity and Freedom of Association

  • people should not be treated unfairly on the basis of race, caste, national origin, religion, disability, gender, sexual orientation, union membership, political affiliation, HIV status or age
  • women are always paid for their contribution to the production process, and when women do the same work as men they are paid at the same rates as men

7  Working Conditions

  • provide a safe and healthy working environment
  • ensure working hours and conditions comply with conditions established by national and local laws and International Labour Organization conventions

8  Capacity Building

  • Fair trade organisations should provide training for producers where needed, for example in management skills, production capabilities and access to markets

9  Promotion of Fair Trade

  • Fair trade organisations should raise awareness of the need for greater justice in world trade and provide customers with information about the products and producers

10  Environment

  • as much as possible, use raw materials from sustainably managed sources
  • reduce energy consumption
  • ensure the lowest possible impact of waste on the environment
  • agricultural producers use organic production methods wherever possible

The standards reproduced here have been adapted with producers in mind, with the permission of the WFTO.

Progress on Goal 8

Rich countries have cancelled a proportion of poor countries' debt.