Jean-Pierre, Toussaint, Patrice and Raphael supervise a group of health workers in Rafai, Central Africa Republic. Their task is to teach how to avoid some diseases. One of the commonest diseases in the area is diarrhoea. To make the teaching more effective, a ‘diarrhoea doll’ is used! Toussaint tells us how it works...
Our body has been made in a very wonderful way, but if we introduce dirty things into it then it won’t function very well anymore. Water is a good example. Often we can’t see that the water is dirty, but if the water is boiled for long enough, we can see on the sides a grey deposit that is not clean. If this dirt enters the body, it may cause diarrhoea. The diarrhoea, in turn, may cause dehydration and sometimes even death.
The ‘diarrhoea doll’ is used to show what happens when we replace dirty drinking water with clean boiled water. It also shows the effects of dehydration. This is how you can make the doll:
- Cut the doll shape out of a piece of thin wood. Cut out a hole for the tummy and make two small holes just above this.
- Cut both ends from a small tin (or use a hollow piece of bamboo). Place a clear plastic bag inside the tin and fold the top over the tin. Tie this behind the doll firmly with string, using the two small holes to attach it. Water can then be poured into the doll.
- Make a very small hole in the bottom of the bag to let the water run out and to show the effects of diarrhoea.