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Cost-benefit assessment of community based recycling and waste management in Pakistan

Evaluating community-based waste management with a view to replicating best practice

2018 Available in English

Waste is discarded at the edges of an informal settlement in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Waste is discarded at the edges of an informal settlement in Islamabad, Pakistan. Photo: Hazel Thompson/Tearfund

Open burning of waste is estimated to cause 14,000 premature deaths a year in Pakistan and could account for a quarter of the nation’s reported carbon emissions, according to recent estimates. Dumped waste is also a major cause of diarrhoeal diseases. A community-based approach to waste management addresses these problems while also creating jobs.

A centre piloting this approach offers ten dollars in benefits for every dollar invested in establishing it, and the centre became self-financing in its third year. This approach reduces the need for more expensive, centralised waste management facilities by up to 90 per cent.

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