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Research reports

Researching the impact of the local church and CCM

Qualitative Impact Assessment Protocol (QuIP) studies on the impact of church and community mobilisation

2021 Available in English

A community in Uganda where brightly coloured fabric is sold at the side of the road and a woman walks past carrying an earthenware pot.

Serere, Uganda. Photo: Andrew Philip/Tearfund

Qualitative Impact Assessment Protocol (QuIP) is an evaluation methodology to measure qualitative impact in a robust, credible and unbiased manner.

Developed by the University of Bath, and curated by Bath Social and Development Research, the QuIP uses ‘blindfolded’ interviews and focus groups to hear from individuals about what they believe has caused change in their lives, without revealing what programme is being evaluated. The methodology measures qualitative impact in a robust, credible and unbiased manner. All references to CCT made during the research by participants were unprompted, shared as they told their stories of change. The analysis is coded with the online research tool Causal Map to provide a clear picture of the impact of the programme. 

Tearfund has so far commissioned and published four studies: in Uganda, Sierra Leone, Bolivia and Nepal. These identify how church and community mobilisation (CCM) has impacted the lives, livelihoods and wellbeing of the communities that we or our partners work with in those countries. 


CCM is having a positive impact on the livelihoods, relationships, spiritual life and well-being of intended beneficiaries at the household level in Uganda. The study finds that:

  • Changing hearts and minds is vital to impact all aspects of people’s lives.
  • The local church encourages faith in action.
  • Changing weather patterns are restricting progress.
  • QuIP is an effective methodology for understanding the impact of CCM approaches.

Sierra Leone

The QuIP study provides clear evidence that the church and community mobilisation process (CCMP) is having a positive impact on individuals and communities in the country. The study finds that:

  • The Christian faith has an important role to play in improving well-being and resilience.
  • The local church can facilitate effective change – but the process and facilitation play a key role.
  • Economic constraints still matter, but CCMP can mitigate the full effect in some instances.
  • The QuIP is an effective research tool, providing solid evidence of success, opportunities and challenges. However, appropriate sampling is vital.


The QuIP study provides clear evidence that the evangelical church’s engagement in holistic ministry (CCM, awareness-raising, projects and teaching) is having a positive impact on individuals and communities. The study finds that:

  • CCM is embedded into the church so that it has become a ‘way of life’ rather than a distinct development project.
  • The Christian faith has improved behaviour and communication for many families, and raised levels of self-worth, agency and hope in the future.
  • Drought and soil disease have substantially affected many households.


This QuIP study demonstrates the way in which Sangasangai (CCT) is promoting an outward looking and active church which is having many positive impacts on the wider community. Particularly, the study provides clear evidence that:

  • CCT is providing incentives for individual Christians and the church as a whole to reach out to the wider community.
  • Active churches are bridging relationships between Christians and other faiths. Community relationships have vastly improved.
  • Relationships and collaboration in the household have also improved with gender equality in decision making increasing after inspiration from CCT bible studies.
  • Improvements in wellbeing rely on multidimensional factors including faith, self-esteem and relationships.
  • Economic improvements have relied a lot on access to capital and savings groups. But more can be done, particularly to mitigate the challenges of Covid-19. 

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