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If people do not have access to latrines, then burying faeces in the ground is a simple step that will improve hygiene. It will reduce people’s risk of contact with faeces.

Building and using latrines is a really important way of reducing the risk of spreading microbes and worms among our family and neighbours. They also improve household well-being and safety, especially for women and children. Families should be able to take pride in their latrine, knowing how much using a latrine will improve their family’s health.

Using latrines will prevent flies, pests and animals having any contact with faeces so they cannot spread microbes into our homes, food or children. It is important to keep latrines clean, so that people will want to use them. The floor can be washed regularly with soapy water left over from washing. Place a tippy tap and soap by the entrance for hand washing.

There are several types of latrine. These include ordinary pit latrines, VIP latrines that control bad smells and flies, and water seal latrines that use water to flush. Composting latrines speed up the breakdown of faeces into safe compost, by separating urine and keeping faeces dry. The urine is mixed with water and used for plants. Soil is mixed with the faeces and the pit sealed for at least a year when full. Then it will be safe to use as compost.


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