Filtered by: Disease Control <Back to previous page Barefoot vets for sheep and goatsby Dr Roger Sharland. Sheep and goats are often neglected in development projects. But they are very important in the lives of those who do keep them. They act as a type of bank - animals can be sold for special occasions or for a particular need. A cheap and powerful disinfectantIn the present difficult economic situation, many animal vets have fewer and fewer treatments available to them. But they have to continue to help farmers with their services and are aware of how little money is usually available to them. Effective and cheap treatments become essential. Dakin solution is a very powerful disinfectant which can be used both for disinfecting small pieces of equipment and also for disinfecting and treating skin infections, such as found in rabbits’ ... Avian flu: prevention and controlAvian flu is an infectious viral illness that spreads among birds. It can affect chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowl, quail, pheasants, pigeons, “song birds” and many types of wild birds. The birds may or may not show signs of the disease; if signs do appear, they begin two to five days after the bird catches the virus. External parasites - Protecting your livestockProtecting your livestock by Dr Avijit Haldar. The word parasite means ‘one who eats at another’s table’. In other words, a living thing which lives off another animal (or plant). Livestock parasites are the small pests which live by taking nutrients (usually blood) from their animal host. Healthy birds, happy farmerIf you keep poultry it is very important to learn how to detect an unhealthy or sick bird, so that you can take action. If you do not, disease may spread to other birds and the whole flock may be lost. Local knowledge and alternative poisonsRoger W Sharland. In Southern Sudan agrochemicals were both expensive and difficult to get. Most farmers were subsistence farmers but there was still a desire for the almost magic qualities seen to be possessed by chemicals or “dawa”, without a great understanding of what they did or the consequences of using them. Mapping animal diseasesby Naftally Felix Omondi. Transmara Western Group (TMWG) in Kenya is a small team of researchers which has volunteered to promote sustainable development. Members encourage the use of traditional knowledge in agriculture to help relieve poverty. They work through extension training, research and by networking with NGOs in seminars and workshops. Mealy bugsIn answer to Sister Claffey’s plea for help to identify and cure the cause of a new disease affecting Prosopis (commonly known as iron tree) and Parkia (locust bean) in Benue State, Nigeria, I think I can help. Mineral blocksWhen land is scarce or infertile, livestock often survive on poor diets of scrub, crop waste and straw. In these conditions livestock will grow and reproduce slowly and provide less milk and meat. However, the demand for animal produce, whether for milk, meat or leather, remains high. Any ideas that can encourage better growth and health of livestock are to be welcomed. Natural control of pests and diseasesThere are three approaches to coping with pests and diseases on crops and vegetables… 1. Grow strong, healthy plants Newcastle Disease Vaccines for village chickensby Professor P B Spradbrow. Most rural families in developing countries keep chickens, even those families that are too poor to own other animals. These chickens must scavenge for most of their food, although sometimes they receive household scraps as well. The chickens are not penned up and often they lack even basic housing. Village chickens are available for sale or barter and they provide meat or eggs. All too frequently a serious disease called Newcastle disease ... Safe and healthy poultry keepingPoultry (chickens, ducks, quail, guinea fowl, geese and other domestic birds) benefit human health because meat and eggs from birds provide healthy and nutritious food. This article outlines the main benefits and risks to humans that are associated with poultry keeping and consumption, and describes how to keep the risks as low as possible so that the benefits can be enjoyed to the full. Sterilising seed bedsUsing the heat of the sun to sterilise seed beds is a cheap and simple method of sterilising soil. When planting seed beds it is very helpful first to reduce the number of micro-organisms found naturally in the soil which can cause disease. There are chemical methods of doing this but they are expensive and may result in pollution. The neem treeFollowing a recent article on using Periwinkle in the treatment of some cancers, here are some details of how to make use of another plant, the Neem tree (Azadirachta indica), which is known by many different local names e.g. Aria-bepu, Asadina d’Inde, Bowtimaka, Dharak, Margosa, Neeb, Nib, Nimmi, Vaypum, Veppa, etc. Using agricultural chemicals safelyBy Dr William Hart and Isabel Carter. 1. Read the manufacturers instructions carefully before buying.